20 November is the World Children Day. A very important day, dedicated to reflection and discussion among countries to create interventions in favour of children and adolescents by supporting their rights.
The story of the human rights of the child begins in 1923, when Eglantyne Jebb (founder of Save The Children Fund and lady of the Red Cross) wrote the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
In 1924, the United Nations Society, on the basis of this first document, established the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, also known as the Geneva Convention, created following the devastating consequences of the First World War.
On 20 November 1959, the UN adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and, in 1989, the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, which 193 countries around the world have chosen to join, including Italy (since 1991).
All these great historical moments have led to the creation of a useful tool for the international protection of different types of human rights of the child. The fundamental principles upheld and declared are: non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, the right to life, survival and development and, finally, listening to the child’s opinions.
Simple and obvious concepts, but not for all the children of the world.
There are still countries and areas of the planet where these rights are not protected at all. Our duty as adults is to do everything possible so that these principles are constantly observed, spreading respect among people, teaching it to children and supporting international and national groups that can carry on these great battles for us too.
The right to be a child is very important and we at EMC will never stop supporting it.